preliminary proposal: New Unicode characters for Arabic music half-flat and half-sharp

Doug Ewell doug at
Mon Mar 30 17:06:05 CDT 2015

Johnny Farraj <johnnyfarraj at yahoo dot com> wrote:

> The Arabic half-flat and half-sharp symbols do not mean exact
> quartertones, but that's understood by Arabic music performers as the
> exact intonation is then learned by ear. That fact does not make them
> impractical to use, as they are used extensively in Arabic music
> notation. 

This is true for Western (European) music notation as well. Nothing
about the classical written notation indicates which tuning system is to
be used -- equal, just, Pythagorean, etc. -- and for many pieces the
choice is left to the performer, but the notation is equally valid for

Doug Ewell | | Thornton, CO ����

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