preliminary proposal: New Unicode characters for Arabic music half-flat and half-sharp

Johnny Farraj johnnyfarraj at
Mon Mar 30 17:48:40 CDT 2015

That's a good point. I was thinking in the confines of equal temperament.


> On Mar 30, 2015, at 6:06 PM, "Doug Ewell" <doug at> wrote:
> Johnny Farraj <johnnyfarraj at yahoo dot com> wrote:
>> The Arabic half-flat and half-sharp symbols do not mean exact
>> quartertones, but that's understood by Arabic music performers as the
>> exact intonation is then learned by ear. That fact does not make them
>> impractical to use, as they are used extensively in Arabic music
>> notation.
> This is true for Western (European) music notation as well. Nothing
> about the classical written notation indicates which tuning system is to
> be used -- equal, just, Pythagorean, etc. -- and for many pieces the
> choice is left to the performer, but the notation is equally valid for
> all.
> --
> Doug Ewell | | Thornton, CO ����
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