Is Devanagari ल्लाँ ambiguous?

Richard Wordingham richard.wordingham at
Wed May 6 06:58:21 CDT 2020

On Wed, 6 May 2020 10:53:48 +0100
Cibu <cibucj at> wrote:

> I thought one would transliterate this as 'llām̐'. That is, the
> candrabindu occurring as the last.

My question is whether the visual placement of the candrabindu affects
the meaning.  The Unicode standard says (Section 12.1 R10) that it
should be the last character in an akshara with these components.  Your
answer confirms that TUS is wrong when the candrabindu is modifying a
consonant; the position matters.  Thank you for the
information.  Microsoft still implements a solution* for Devanagari that
uses assigned characters with their correct individual significations.


*Nirmala UI has a typographical problem with this solution for
'l̐li' (ल्ँलि); possibly this is the price of disambiguating it from
'llim̐' (ल्लिँ).

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